When is the best time for your dog to find a mate?
How old is your dog?
How many seasons has she had?
She may be too young; on the other hand she could be too old.
First and foremost, be sure that your female is both physically and mentally mature enough to be bred. Just being in heat is NOT enough to warrant a breeding. A general rule of thumb is 2nd heat or 15 months but this can vary by breed or individual.
As a professional dog breeder, I would suggest that a dog should never be bred before they are TWO years of age, and should never be bred unless they are a PUREBRED who is in the hands of a quality breeder.
What to do before breeding your dog?
Timing and Planning
You must plan your time to fit around this important event. Apart from the nine week gestation period you will be very busy in the following eight weeks while the puppies are young. Your time will also be spent interviewing prospective owners and caring for the bitch. Remember also that you may not sell all of the puppies as quickly as you had hoped and may need to care from them longer than expected.
The whole family will have their lives disrupted while there are puppies in the home. The lack of family holidays during this period may be a problem. Visitors must be kept at a minimum in the first days in case infection is introduced – the bitch will also not be receptive to too much interference.
Time of Year
Puppies born in the spring and summer are so much easier to look after. You do not have to worry about the temperature in the whelping room and the little puppies can romp in the garden when they are old enough to go outside.
Find a cool “guy” for your “girl” and give her a peaceful environment
When you introduce the male to your female, be sure he and the female have a current brucellosis test (dog version of STD) and you MONITOR the breeding. It’s advisable to leash both dogs and have a human handler for each. Do not allow any other dogs, pets or small children to the area to avoid stress or injury to all involved.(source from eHow)
Welcome the newborns!
For starters, you should know that pregnancy in dogs lasts approximately 63 days (56 to 69 days). Toy breeds may deliver a week earlier while large breeds often deliver later.
While people tend to think that it can seem scary to watch a dog giving birth, it needn’t be. Your dog knows exactly what to do! And your dog needs you!
You’re just there to assist if momma gets overwhelmed or too tired to welcome her puppies to the world.
Stages Of A Dog Giving Birth:
(source from dogs.thefuntimesguide.com)
Stage 1: Contractions begin, and the cervix becomes dilated and softened.
This may take up 12 to 24 hours. You may or may not even notice Stage 1 taking place. Some dogs don’t give any indication that they are in Stage 1 labor, while other dogs may pant, whimper, or even try to hide. If you notice your dog is in Stage 1 labor, now is a good time to get her into the whelping box.
Stage 2: The mother dog actively pushes the first puppy out.
Once the first puppy is out, the mother dog should remove the amniotic sac from around the puppy’s head. If the she doesn’t remove the sac within a couple of seconds, take the puppy and remove the sac yourself. This sac must be removed in order for the puppy to start breathing on its own.
Stage 3: Delivery of the placenta.
For each puppy your dog gives birth to, she will also deliver a placenta. Stage 2 and Stage 3 go hand-in-hand. Sometimes a dog will give birth to 2 puppies andthen the 2 placentas.